26. OpenGL Vertex Alphas

This OpenGL tutorial will show you how to add different alpha values to specific vertices in your shape. It uses the same glColor4f commands but the code is now written just before each vertex.

Vertex alphas are basically the same as vertex colors. They just set the
alpha of selected vertices instead of just setting the whole object to a
selected alpha.

So anyway, I did this with a normal quad
but it does work with any shape you choose
Here it is:
I have started my quad.
I then set the color red for the first vertex, with an alpha of only 0.2.
I then draw that vertex.
The next is green, with an alpha value of 1.
Then blue with an alpha value of 0.2.
And finally white with an alpha value of 1.

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
glColor4f(1,0,0,0.2);
glVertex3f(-0.5, -0.5, 0.0);
glColor4f(0,1,0,1);
glVertex3f(-0.5, 0.5, 0.0);
glColor4f(0,0,1,0.2);
glVertex3f(0.5, 0.5, 0.0);
glColor4f(1,1,1,1);
glVertex3f(0.5, -0.5, 0.0);
glEnd();

Just remember to call each vertex after you call the color
for this to work.

Just email swiftless@gmail.com if you have any questions :-)

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    //Vertex alphas are basically the same
//as vertex colors. They just set the
//alpha of selected vertices instead of
//just setting the whole object to a
//selected alpha.

//So anyway, I did this with a normal quad
//but it does work with any shape you choose
//Here it is:
//I have started my quad.
//I then set the color red for the first vertex, with an alpha of only 0.2
//I then draw that vertex.
//The next is green, with an alpha value of 1.
//Then blue with an alpha value of 0.2.
//And finally white with an alpha value of 1.

//glBegin(GL_QUADS);
//glColor4f(1,0,0,0.2);
//glVertex3f(-0.5, -0.5, 0.0);
//glColor4f(0,1,0,1);
//glVertex3f(-0.5, 0.5, 0.0);
//glColor4f(0,0,1,0.2);
//glVertex3f(0.5, 0.5, 0.0);
//glColor4f(1,1,1,1);
//glVertex3f(0.5, -0.5, 0.0);
//glEnd();

//Just remember to call each vertex after you call the color
//for this to work.

#include <GL/gl.h>
#include <GL/glut.h>

void square (void) {
    glBegin(GL_QUADS);
    glColor4f(1,0,0,0.2); //red, alpha 0.2
    glVertex3f(-0.5, -0.5, 0.0);
    glColor4f(0,1,0,1); //green, alpha 1
    glVertex3f(-0.5, 0.5, 0.0);
    glColor4f(0,0,1,0.2); //blue, alpha 0.2
    glVertex3f(0.5, 0.5, 0.0);
    glColor4f(1,1,1,1); //white, alpha 1
    glVertex3f(0.5, -0.5, 0.0);
    glEnd();
}

void display (void) {
    glClearColor (0.0,0.0,0.0,1.0);
    glClear (GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);
    glLoadIdentity();
    glEnable(GL_BLEND);
    glBlendFunc(GL_SRC_ALPHA, GL_ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA);
    glTranslatef(0,0,-1);
    square();
    glFlush();
}

void reshape (int w, int h) {
    glViewport (0, 0, (GLsizei)w, (GLsizei)h);
    glMatrixMode (GL_PROJECTION);
    glLoadIdentity ();
    gluPerspective (60, (GLfloat)w / (GLfloat)h, 1.0, 100.0);
    glMatrixMode (GL_MODELVIEW);
}

int main (int argc, char **argv) {
    glutInit (&argc, argv);
    glutInitDisplayMode (GLUT_SINGLE | GLUT_RGBA);
    glutInitWindowSize (500, 500);
    glutInitWindowPosition (100, 100);
    glutCreateWindow (“A basic OpenGL Window);
    glutDisplayFunc (display);
    glutReshapeFunc (reshape);
    glutMainLoop ();
    return 0;
}

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